For those who don't know about this area, here's a quick sketch:
Sinhagad Fort lies about 25 km.to the South-West of Pune. You can see it on Google Maps here. At the base of the fort is a moderately wooded region, alongside a few fields, also known as the Sinhagad Valley. The Valley is famous for sightings of sundry flycatchers and raptors. One of them worth mentioning is the Ultramarine Flycatcher, which I have yet to see :(
The Valley was alive with bird calls in the early morning! Many of the trees have shed their leaves by now, making it easy to spot the birds. For starters, we saw Jungle Mynas, Jungle Babblers, a solitary Indian Robin and also a Magpie Robin. A few doves were also seen in the area. Nothing spectacular as such...
A little ahead, we saw a group of Chestnut-Shouldered Petronias (formerly known as Yellow-Throated Sparrows) moving busily in a nearby tree. As a matter of fact, this is actually the species that inspired Salim Ali to become a birder :)
In the early morning sun, the yellow throats of these sparrows made them look even more impressive! Accompanying them was a group of Grey-Breasted Prinias, that flitted energetically through the bushes and trees. A lone Rufous Treepie was also seen on one of the trees, but we never got a really good view of it, as it continuously moved about, and was generally far away.
We were soon joined by two other birding enthusiasts, and the six of us together ventured into one of the adjoining fields. After sighting other common birds such as Oriental White-eyes and Common Ioras, we got an excellent view of a handsome Golden-Fronted Leafbird (a.k.a. G. F. Chloropsis).
Later, two other birders in the area joined us. Soon, A Tree Pipit was seen in one of the fields. It was quite close to us, and given the heavy streaking on its chest, it was really a matter of two choices for identifying it: either it was a Tree Pipit or an Olive-Backed Pipit. But the absence of any black and white spot behind the eye confirmed it as a Tree Pipit...so much for Pipit identification!
Then came our first raptor! It was a big eagle, lacking any particular under-wing pattern. As it soared on its mighty wings, we tried our best to ID it, but to no avail. One of our new joinees [;)], Mr. Gokhale, managed to get a photo of it using his 500mm Sigma. After coming home and scanning the Grimmett field guide again, I managed to identify it as a Tawny Eagle :)
At only 0930 hrs, it was blisteringly hot! The bird activity had seemed to die off and we couldn't see anything other than the common resident species. A few worth mentioning are Plum-Headed Parakeets and White-Bellied Drongos, but even those were few and far between... We decided to head back.
On our way, we heard a Crested Serpent Eagle calling and I was only able to catch a glimpse of it as it flew against the hill-side far away. The other new joinee was a boy named Rohan. He showed us the nest of a Crested-Hawk Eagle (a.k.a. Changeable Hawk Eagle), which can be seen from the last bus-stop at the base of Sinhagad Fort!
Sure enough, a CHE was sitting right on the nest! As we sat down for refreshments at the nearby cafe, another CHE came soaring towards us. We were in awe as it flew in circles over the fields in front of us, showing its distinct under-wing pattern! Mr. Gokhale got a decent, if not cracking shot of it in flight. To see this eagle soar was I guess consolation for not seeing the Ultramarine Flycatcher!
Overall, the trip was very good. The total species-count was not impressive, but the sightings of the two eagles were certainly memorable. Overall, we had only seen one migrant species, and that was a Long-Tailed Shrike! Rohan tells me Indian Schimitar Babblers (residents) can be seen in the Valley! Hmmm...... :)
Here is a list of birds we saw on this trip:
- Brown-Headed Barbet [heard]
- Coppersmith Barbet [heard]
- White-Throated Kingfisher
- Green Bee-eater
- Plum-Headed Parakeet [male, female]
- Rock Pigeon
- Spotted Dove
- Little Brown Dove
- Black-Winged Kite
- Crested-Serpent Eagle [heard]
- Tawny Eagle
- Crested Hawk Eagle [on nest and soaring]
- Golden-Fronted Leafbird
- Bay-Backed Shrike
- Long-Tailed Shrike
- Rufous Treepie
- Small Minivet [male and female]
- White-Throated Fantail Flycatcher
- Black Drongo
- White-Bellied Drongo
- Common Iora [breeding male and female]
- Asian Paradise-Flycatcher [rufous male, female]
- Indian Robin [male]
- Magpie Robin
- Pied Bushchat [female]
- Brahmini Starling
- Jungle Myna
- Common Myna
- Red-Vented Bulbul
- Red-Whiskered Bulbul
- Grey-Breasted Prinia
- Ashy Prinia
- Oriental White-eye
- Common Tailorbird
- Jungle Babbler
- Purple Sunbird
- Chestnut-Shouldered Petronia
- Tree Pipit
How to get to Sinhagad:
If you bring your own vehicle, you can reach the base of Sinhagad Fort by travelling along Sinhagad Road for about 20 km. Parking is available for charges of around 5/- at the base of the fort. Another option is to take the local PMT buses. These buses start at Swargate and reach Sinhagad Fort in a matter of about 40 minutes, early morning. Once at Sinhagad Fort, a timetable of return buses is put up at the cafe adjacent to the last bus-stop, so you can plan your return time accordingly. Return buses are at a frequency of about every 45 minutes.